Category: cnonvormtvye

LWSC Assures Water Nationwide

first_imgThe Liberia Water and Sewer Cooperation (LWSC), has assured the people of Liberia that it will provide within the next 10 years, safe drinking water in schools, health centers, the rural areas and everywhere in the country if the cooperation of communities  is forth coming.Speaking last Saturday at the World Water Day program held at the Chevron Park in Vai Town, the LWSC Managing Director, Charles Allen, said service delivery for water is a necessary condition for sustainable development and as such the LWSC will continue to lead in provision of water in the country.The World Water Day program under the theme, Water and Sustainable Development, was marked by a boat race, entertainment, and performances by Liberian artists, including a cultural team. “We need the various communities to work with us, to pay their water bills, help us report water loss when the pipes are damaged and to report the non-patriotic citizens who feel they should get the water without paying for it,” Mr. Allen pleaded.  He called on all Liberians to take on the mantle of responsibility in ensuring that others in the rural areas are able to have access to water through the payment of bills, which will support the LWSC in developing the water sector of the country.As a national service provider, it is incumbent upon us to lead the way,” Director Allen indicated.He said the LWSC would ensure that the resources provided by government and the international community are effectively utilized to provide pipe-borne water for urban communities throughout Liberia. “Last year, we used the World Water Day to begin the process of bringing the sector together, making sure that all complaints about the sector are coordinated instead of being fragmented,” Director Allen said.Also speaking, Sheldon Yett, the UNICEF Country Director, explained that the water sector has the tremendous responsibility of addressing the water issues in the country.The teachers and students need to take the mantle of authority in ensuring that hand washing is observed in all schools and in all parts of the health sector, he said.Speaking on behalf of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Minister without Portfolio Sylvester Grisby, urged LWSC authorities to help in ensuring that water is provided in places that have over 5,000 residents, as the public is very concerned about the availability of water in homes, schools and health centers. “We need to be able to develop water resources and ensure that the people have access to safe drinking water everywhere in Liberia, Mr. Grigsby declared.  He emphasized that water is very important in all society and must not be wasted when used in homes, schools, health centers or anywhere else.”Mr. Grisby also launched the multimedia materials for WASH in schools and the pledge,  “safe hand, strong hand,” to be observed throughout the country.The program was witnessed by government officials, including William Gyude Moore, Minister of Public Works, and Dr. Kimmie Weeks, Chairman of the LWSC Board of Directors.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more


January 14, 2020 0

Modern Language Wars, PHP vs Python vs Ruby

first_imgThey released me in this campaign with everyone else there no distinction. It’s not a separate section for plus size girls she says. The model is talking about booking her latest gig, modeling WordPress underwear in the brand latest Perfectly Fit campaign, which was shot by Lachian Bailey. It was such a surreal moment cried she admitted.The main thing that you have to remember on this journey is just be nice to everyone and always smile.It’s kind of confusing because I’m a bigger girl, Dalbesio says. I’m not the biggest girl on the market but I’m definitely bigger than all the girls [Calvin Klein] has ever worked with, so that is really intimidating. She wasn’t sure, she said of the shoot, what was expected from her in terms of her size or shape.Refreshingly, what was expected of her was the same thing that was expected of Lara Stone: to take a beautiful picture.Emotional discomfort, when accepted, rises, crests and falls in a series of waves.You must learn one thing. The world was made to be free in. Give up all the other worlds Except the one in which you belong.So simple, yet so essential, the white shirt is the foundation of any wardrobe. It’s also the most multi-functional item, taking you from work to play with just the quick unfastening of a couple of buttons. It matter what style fitted boyfriend etc or even what fabric from silk to heavy cotton go with whatever suits your personal style best.Calvin Klein known for launching the careers of such svelte models as Brooke Shields and Kate Moss to cast a model who deviates from the size standard and make a fuss about it to Dalbesio who spent years.must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncingpleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete accountthe system and expound the actual teachingsgreat explorer of the truth, the master builder of human happiness.Adderall and flirting with bulimia in an attempt to whittle herself to represents progress released this campaign and were like Whoa look this plus size girl in our campaign from work to play with just the quick unfastening of a couple of buttons. Be the change that you wish to see in the worldcenter_img There was a time in the industry not too long ago, when it seemed that the high fashion world was using plus size models as a headline-grabbing gimmick see the groundbreaking Italian Vogue cover featuring Tara Lynn, Candice Huffine, and Robyn Lawley in June 2016.Related: Calendar Gets Its First Plus-Size Model 2016Taking the world into my armsThere was that beautiful Italian Vogue story and the girls that were in that ended up doing really well the classic lace-up shoe is a true.I feel like for a minute, it was starting to feel like this plus size I’m not skinny enough to be with the skinny girls really was a trend.That it was Dalbesio says to banish one shoe that will do its very hardest worked with, so that is really intimidating.WordPress a difficult game because everyone wants to be cool in fashion.Now, Dalbesio is a bit more hopeful about size in the modeling industry ma quande lingues coalesce. In the middle Occidental in fact she says not skinny enough.To find my place. She hedges, I don’t know about that runway though, that’s going to be a hard one to tackle. Everyone realizes why a new common language would be desirable: one could refuse to pay expensive translators.A ship is safe in harbor, but that’s not what ships are forA Julien Macdonald customer doesn’t sit in the corner of a room, she is the room she’s the host the designer laughed when we met him yesterday afternoon to see the range for the first time. My pieces aren’t shy. It is full-on cocktail red carpet glamour.You don’t necessarily wear them to the supermarket on a Saturday morning with the kids, but with my jewellery they probably will.These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity, and an understanding of life.Cue a collection of high-wattage necklaces, adorned with nugget and crystals wild-cat cocktail rings, abstract drop earrings, and spectacular statement chokers inspired by the flora and fauna of safari.The most beautiful people we have known are those:explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncingpleasure and praising pain was bornthe system and expound the actual teachingsgreat explorer of the truthTo take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure?On the other hand, we denounce with righteous indignation and dislike men who are so beguiled and demoralized by the charms of pleasure of the moment, so blinded by desire, that they cannot foresee.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more


January 14, 2020 0

Public Works Engineers Bemoan Disparity in Salaries and Benefits

first_imgPublic Works engineers at work.-House Launches Probe to Right the WrongAt least 37 engineers of the Ministry of Public Works, in a five-page communication, have expressed their frustrations on the low and unfair distribution of salaries and allowances among engineers at the ministry, and are seeking the intervention of the House of Representatives.The Ministry of Public Works engineers are responsible to implement or monitor and supervise all national infrastructure projects implemented by the government and its partners.“Under our assignment, we work for many hours in the sun and rain to ensure the successful completion of those projects, sometimes in difficult, challenging and unsafe environments,” the communication, under the signatures of 37 engineers, said.“Despite these conditions, our remunerations for such services are among the least on the pay scale at the Ministry of Public Works.“Currently, at the Ministry of Public Works, there is huge disparity in the general allowance and salaries of staff having similar qualifications and experience.”The engineers further complain that the ministry is paying higher salaries to filing clerks, office assistants, and drivers than them. DisparityAccording to the communication, bachelor degree holding engineers with more than five years of work experience are receiving general allowances in the range of US$225 – US$450 per month, while others at the master’s degree level with more than five years of work experience are receiving allowances ranging from US$700 – US$1,150 a month.“At the same time, there are some engineers that hold the same degrees but receive higher salaries; some over US$3,000.,” read the communication.Concerned EngineersAccording to the communication, the concerned engineers are: Dekontee Sartoe, Christopher Blamoh, Deena Cooper, Govego Tennih, Frederick Hunder, Elvis Mensahn, Dominik Aryeetey, Benjamin Yiediboe, Sidney Devine, Sam Kolliebo, Alasca Cummings, Ansu Brums, Kollie Koikoi, Hassan Fahnbulleh, and Emmanuel White.Others are Johnny Browne (contractor), Ericsson G. Zardee, Peter Brooks, Zoe Peal, Kelvin Kroma (contractor), Ophelia Bedell, Melvin Saye, Dave Lormiequoinah, Elijah Joboe, Christopher Teah, Edward Quatee, Solomon Garpue, Frank Songor, Amos Pippins, Vilton Korma, Bill Wesseh, Daniel Tamba, D. Lormutor Kpangba, and Emmanuel Kaye.Proposed AllowancesThe engineers, in their communication, have proposed the following:“Those engineers with bachelor degrees and more than five years of work experience should be paid general allowances of at least US$1,000; those with less than five years be paid at least US$600; those with master’s degree and more than five years of work experience should be paid US$1,300; and those with less than five years of work experience should get at least US$750.“Overall, there should not be more than a 30 percent difference between the salaries of bachelor and master degree holders, especially those with less than fifteen years of work experience,” the communication said. “That the harmonization of salaries and general allowance should be implemented, taking into consideration qualification and experience; thus implementing the grade.”Plenary DecisionThe House of Representatives has established a Joint Committee, comprising the  Committees on Claims & Petitions; Labor; the Judiciary; Public Works; and Ways, Means, Finance, and Development Planning.The Joint Committee is tasked to investigate the disparity, including the low and unfair distribution of salaries and allowances for engineers at the Ministry of Public Works and report by or in three weeks.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more


January 14, 2020 0

NASA workforce faces an uncertain future

first_imgIt also strongly advocated what many scientists have long asked for: stable and adequate funding for university scientists and for the college and graduate students who could be the next generation of NASA employees. “NASA needs to be particularly careful to nurture and sustain research … and to recognize that frequently or abruptly changing goals and funding priorities may adversely affect the university partners on which NASA relies for many services,” the report chided. Sudden cuts in funding have stung many scientists in recent years. At Caltech, astrophysicist Fiona Harrison’s NuSTAR mission for a space telescope to detect black holes was suddenly canceled last year, two weeks before the project’s final review. “You put so much of your own resources into getting selected,” she said then. “To be canceled like this, to be honest, it’s such a risky proposition to start with, I don’t think I’ll do it again.” PASADENA – Three years ago, President Bush proposed his grand new Vision for Space Exploration, which would replace the space shuttle, complete the International Space Station and send astronauts to the moon and Mars. But it is not certain that the National Aeronautics and Space Administration has the workforce to achieve this ambitious plan. In a report released last week, the National Academies’ National Research Council predicted NASA will experience a shortage of the experienced workers and leadership it needs for the job unless the space agency takes immediate action. The council’s recommendations, which NASA had solicited, included hiring and retaining younger workers, collaborating with other agencies to strengthen their workforce and providing hands-on training for NASA employees. Now, much of Harrison’s work is funded by the Department of Homeland Security, though she does have one smaller NASA-funded research endeavor underway using weather balloons. The impact of NASA’s funding cutbacks to university research have longer-term impacts as well. “I think that a lot of students are discouraged about going into astrophysics,” Harrison said. “I think that’s a big problem.” Even those not yet affected by cutbacks, said Tom Tombrello, chairman of Caltech’s physics, math and astronomy department, could feel the pinch in a few years when big, well-funded projects such as the space telescopes GALEX and Spitzer would be over. “I would worry about what will happen when \ get their degree and they wonder `How can I continue to work in this field?,”‘ Tombrello said. “As far as research in space is concerned, NASA is the only game in town.” NASA-funded university research also gives young scientists and engineers the hands-on opportunities they needed to gain expertise, the “salient requirement” for a workforce capable of carrying out the Vision for Space Exploration, according to the National Resource Council’s report. With a focus on training and recruiting new hires, the report states, NASA could build a strengthened leadership base by 2012. Harrison, with the passage of time and NASA’s appointment of a scientist as its associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate, has renewed hope the agency could strengthen its relationship with university researchers. She is now considering resubmitting the proposal for the NuSTAR mission. elise.kleeman@sgvn.com (626) 578-6300, Ext. 4451160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img

January 11, 2020 0

REVEALED: COUNCIL BACKS MAJOR MOUNTAIN BIKE EVENT FOR DONEGAL

first_imgLETTERKENNY is set to hold Ireland’s first urban mountain biking competition after the proposal was backed last night by the town council.Donegal Mountain Bike Club Chairman Findhan Strain gave a presentation to councillors on a proposal to hold an Urban Downhill event in the town in early 2012.Mr Strain said aftewards: “This would not only be an unique event in Donegal but also on the island of Ireland. The provisional date for the event will be held on the Bank Holiday Monday on May 7th 2012. “The proposal met with overall approval from all council members who were delighted to hear such an innovative idea being brought to the table. Hopefully in the next few weeks now, the club will have more details on a Major sponsor which they hope to bring on board to aid the event.“Aside from attractng major international Sponsors, this Event will bring some of the top Downhill bikers from all over Ireland as it’s probably the first of it’s kind to be held on these shores.”FIRST WITH THE NEWS AGAINLEAVE YOUR COMMENT BELOW © 2011 donegaldaily.com, all Rights ReservedThe copying, republication or redistribution of donegaldaily.com Content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited by law.Follow us on www.twitter.com/donegaldailyFollow us on www.facebook.com/donegaldailySell anything on www.donegaldailyclassifieds.com REVEALED: COUNCIL BACKS MAJOR MOUNTAIN BIKE EVENT FOR DONEGAL was last modified: January 17th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:downhill eventletterkennymountain biking donegallast_img read more


December 27, 2019 0

CATHAL MAC SUIBHNE’S DONEGAL GAA BLOG: JUST A BAD DAY AT THE OFFICE (HOPEFULLY)

first_imgRory Gallagher’s men could face Mayo if they overcome GalwayBY CATHAL MAC SUIBHNE: Simply a bad day at the office or a sign that all is not well? There are arguments for both when looking at all of the different aspects of today’s Ulster Final but we won’t know the definitive answer for another few weeks.What is not in doubt is that Monaghan were the sharper, hungrier team today and despite a valiant comeback, the last few fingers clinging onto the Anglo Celt cup eventually slipped off.All pre-match predictions forecasted a tight game with nothing much expected to separate the teams and so it proved. Donegal, as they have done regularly this year, started well and posted three early points from play through Patrick McBrearty, Karl Lacey and Frank McGlynn. There were plenty of players breaking forward – Eamonn McGee in particular was marauding towards the town end goal, setting the agenda with his marker Kieran Hughes, daring the Scotstown powerhouse to follow him.All seemed to be going according to plan at the other end too with good hassling and pressure put on the ball carrier while there was some wonderful blocks put in, including two fabulous shutdowns from Christy Toye.The transition to counter attack was slick and Donegal made numerous incisions into enemy territory in the opening quarter but once there they became ponderous, began to over elaborate with intricate passing and inevitably Monaghan started turning the ball over. Turnovers are like fuel in the modern game, each time a team successfully stops an attack and takes possession they find a bit more in the legs, the crowd gets up and there’s always an extra runner or two committed to the offensive effort. The partisan home crowd thrived off these incidents and it conversely sapped the enthusiasm and energy from those in green and gold, both in the stands and out on the field.In recent contests between these sides, most notably in last year’s league final, Monaghan have been superb at shooting from distance against the blanket and again today they chalked up a few mammoth scores. It was in stark contrast to Donegal’s shooting in the second half which was woeful – and that is putting it mildly. At no stage during the opening exchanges, when Donegal were in control, was there any hint of panic from the men in blue and white. They were completely focused on the task in hand and stuck rigidly to their plan. Their evergreen defender Dessie Mone hit an absolute stinker of a wide early on, the ball screwing wildly off his foot, yet soon after he backed himself when presented with another opportunity and delivered a glorious score. He epitomised the attitude of Monaghan and they just looked that bit more clued in throughout the seventy minutes.Another who exploded into life following a quiet start was Conor McManus. Clontibret’s finest is up there with Michael Murphy, Diarmuid Connolly, James O’Donoghue et al as the games’ leading forwards and he showed his class with six points. His marker Neil McGee was intent on roughing him up from the first whistle and the pair were involved in a couple of flashpoints before eventually being booked. This didn’t perturb McManus who went about his business and kicked over point after point. At one stage in the second half, McManus attacked up the left wing with McGee and Paddy McGrath in tow. The defensive pair did everything right – didn’t allow McManus to get past them, forced him out wide; half the job was done, now they had dispossess him or force him to pass. Inexplicably, the duo let McManus turn back, find a yard of space and drill the ball over the bar. It was a most un-Donegal sequence of play and one which will be raised when the video analysis is carried out amongst the squad this week.It’s quite a while since we’ve seen McGee on the end of such a run around, particularly in the Ulster Championship, and you can be sure the three-time All Star will be determined not to let it happen again.The ‘roughing up’ was obviously a deliberate tactic and you’d have to wonder is it worth it or does it work? Glenswilly’s Murphy was quite simply ‘McMahoned’ against Tyrone yet stepped up to dispatch the last three points in a three point win. Dublin had three men marking McManus at certain stages of their league semi-final in Croke Park earlier this year yet he still scored 0-8 and came away with the man of the match award. Maybe defenders are better off focusing on the ball more than the man.Donegal spluttered and stammered their way through the second half and despite wide after wide stayed in the game. Monaghan only scored three times in the second half as they dug the trenches in front of their goal and were prepared to hold what they had. That task was helped by some horrid shooting from the likes of Martin McElhinney and Odhran MacNiallais but of course in previous games in this campaign those two and many others were splitting the posts from all angles. Maybe it was just one of those days. There is so much analysis and meticulous studying of games these days yet quite often a bit of luck here and there can have a big influence on games. Karl Lacey went off early in the second half, whether it was an injury or a tactical switch is not known, either way it didn’t help his team’s cause. The heavy strapping on Captain Murphy’s right knee suggested all is not right with the Maestro and Vinny Corey certainly had an easier day that he would have been anticipating.History can also play a factor in these jousts; even though there has been an intense rivalry building up between both teams over recent years, the truth is that Donegal have a wretched record against the Farney Army.So even with luck and history not quite on Donegal’s side today, the team very nearly snatched a draw or could maybe even have got a win. A large part of the comeback and the fact that the gap was closed to the minimum was down to the Kilcar contingent. Ryan and Mark McHugh along with McBrearty were immense in the second half with the brothers taking responsibility time and again in collecting possession and trying to find gaps in the Monaghan rearguard. They won frees, took the hits and went back for more.At half time the likely message from Rory Gallagher and his backroom team was to shoot on sight. It would keep the score board ticking over while also drawing out the Monaghan back line. As the wides mounted, Rory was short on options and it is clear he needs to work on his team’s attacking shape. With Colm McFadden misfiring, Darach O’Connor and Martin O’Reilly became the Donegal full forward line. Two small, fast players who could normally cause defences all sorts of problems but with so little room in front of the Monaghan goal and physically imposing defenders beside them, the pair were on a hiding to nothing. O’Reilly did make some brilliant runs from deep when he came out the field for the ball and even looked to have the slightest chance for a goal at one stage before he won a free for McBrearty to tap over. While the county held its collective breath as McBrearty’s last gasp effort hung in the Clones sky, in truth a replay would have spelt the end of All-Ireland ambitions for the eventual losers. Had we been travelling back to Clones next weekend for a replay, it would have meant one of the teams would have faced a qualifier the week after followed possibly by a quarter final – four matches on four successive weekends would have taken its toll. As it stands Donegal have a potential fixture list of three games in four weeks; still a tough itinerary but manageable. At the start of the year, the last eight is where every team wants to be and Donegal will still expect to be there.The road is now mapped out in front of Donegal – Galway in two weeks time and while the Tribesmen are an up and coming force, a fully functioning system should be too much for them. Should the qualifier hurdle be cleared, Mayo lie in wait, just as they did two years ago when the Ulster title was last surrendered. For the first time under his stewardship, Rory is now under pressure. How he and his team respond over the weeks ahead may well define his tenure.For Monaghan, it’s show time. They’ve collected a second provincial crown in three years, now they have to ask themselves the question – is that it or have they the wherewithal to go the distance? It’s going to be an interesting August.CATHAL MAC SUIBHNE’S DONEGAL GAA BLOG: JUST A BAD DAY AT THE OFFICE (HOPEFULLY) was last modified: July 19th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Cathal Mac SuibhneClonesdonegalGAAGAA blogGaelic FootballGalwayMayoMonaghanlast_img read more


December 27, 2019 0

DONEGAL DRUG-DEALER SPARED JAIL WEEKS BEFORE WEDDING

first_imgA Donegal drug dealer, who is due to be married in July, has been spared jail by a judge.Darren KellyDarren Kelly was caught by Gardai on March 2nd, 2012 with more than €2,600 worth of drugs at his home at Ardcoyne, Manorcunningham. The 27 year old had been stopped by Gardai on traffic offences but admitted having the drugs at his home.When Gardai searched the house they found the drugs and also a digital weighing scales.Various amounts of cannabis, which Kelly admitted had been bought in Derry, had been bagged and weighed for distribution.When questioned by Gardai, Kelly admitted he had been involved in the drugs trade before.Solicitor Patsy Gallagher said Kelly had made a full admission of his involvement but that the incident happened a year ago.He said his client was trying to go straight and that he was getting married in July to his long-term partner.He asked Judge Paul Kelly to consider a probation report in the matter before deciding what sentence to impose.Kelly, who worked in the building trade before the downturn, also faced a number of driving offences when he appeared at Letterkenny District Court.Judge Kelly adjourned the case until September 9th but warned Kelly that he wasn’t making him any promises until he received a probation report.DONEGAL DRUG-DEALER SPARED JAIL WEEKS BEFORE WEDDING was last modified: April 9th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:cannabisdarren kellydrugs tradeweighing scaleslast_img read more


December 25, 2019 0

Original Material Found in Triassic Reptile Fossils

first_imgThe preservation of structures and original proteins in fossils has just been pushed back to the Triassic.A new paper in PLoS One adds to the growing corpus of literature documenting soft tissue preservation in “old” bones. Two reptile species categorized as archosauromorphs (“ruling lizard shapes”) were examined by a team including Roman Pawlicki, who has argued since 1966 that original biomolecules can be preserved in dinosaurs. The specimens from Poland, a nothosaurid and a tanystropheid (aquatic and terrestrial diapsid reptiles), were analyzed multiple ways with spectroscopy, imaging, and mass spectrometry. The team photographed structures that resemble “blood vessels” (quotes theirs) preserved in iron minerals. Within the bones, amino acid residues indicative of collagen were found.Pawlicki and the others recognize that their findings buck the conventional wisdom.The conventional wisdom states that no original organic components remains associated with Mesozoic vertebrate bones over geological time. It is based on models using unrealistically harsh chemical conditions as proxies for time. However, half a century ago, one of us (RP) was the first to demonstrate, by describing fossilized cells, collagen fibrils and vessels from Cretaceous dinosaur bones from the Gobi Desert, that this conventional wisdom may not hold for all fossils.The references list many previous papers assessing soft tissue in dinosaurs, including those by Mary Schweitzer, who also discussed this paper with the authors and offered suggestions. The authors wanted to be careful to refute the “biofilm” and “contamination” counter-arguments; they used a recent marine iguana bone as a control, and compared their measurements with the surrounding non-organic matrix. They also analyzed material from the interior of the bone which they reasoned is impervious to contamination.Most of the paper goes into the weeds about their methods for preventing contamination and eliminating biofilms from bacteria or fungi. Since it’s open-access, readers can learn about how many times they soaked, blasted, irradiated and rinsed their samples. Some readers may find space for criticizing their inferences here and there (for instance, some spectra were “not completely unambiguous” for amino acids). Overall, though, the multitude of methods and cross-checks gave them confidence to conclude that original biomolecules and structures had indeed been detected.This finding demonstrates that the possibility of the preservation of original soft tissue in iron-oxide mineral coatings may be greater than commonly believed and that molecules preserved in this way are structurally relatively undamaged and identifiable via spectral methods.Not surprisingly, it was not their intent to cast doubt on the conventional ages, but rather to explain how they might have been preserved through deep time. Their theory is that iron oxide minerals like hematite and goethite, derived from the animal’s tissues (such as hemoglobin), provide protective coatings around the biomolecules.Our study provides clear evidence that fossil molecules could survive through rapid, early diagenetic iron radical cross-linking. These biomolecules could effectively be preserved in iron-rich minerals when the minerals precipitated directly onto soft tissues, such as vessels and cells, and tightly covered their original structure. It can be assumed that the persistence of protein remains of endogenous origin in Early Triassic bones was the result of early post- mortem mineralization processes on the walls of blood vessels. Our observations confirm the hypothesis, that iron oxides can act as protective envelopes enabling the preservation of endogenous biomolecules in dinosaur bones from the distant geological past.The bones, though, are dated in the paper to 247 million years old, much earlier than the dinosaurs examined by Schweitzer. That’s a long time to believe nothing happened to degrade these biomolecules completely and replace them with minerals. A lot of geological, physical and biological change can occur in just thousands of years, let alone hundreds of millions of years. To assume iron oxides protected the biomolecules, they needed the “protective envelopes” to form rapidly and then stay intact for hundreds of millions of years. That sounds like special pleading. “This phenomenon of rapid fossilization must have occurred during early diagenesis, most likely immediately after the death of the organism,” they say. Why were these reptiles, one in the water and one on land, buried rapidly? What made them fossilize immediately? How often does that happen?We know about human history in the 103-year range, but no human has experienced millions of years. Does anyone “know” that amino acids and collagen can last that long? The syllogism relies on assuming the major premise: (1) the earth is old, (2) biomolecules are found; (3) conclusion: the biomolecules are old. What if #1 is false?This paper may not make the strongest case, but it’s interesting and adds to the evidence. The most parsimonious explanation is that these bones were never that old. The reference list provides interested observers with resources for further investigation going back decades, including all of Mary Schweitzer’s published papers.“Conventional wisdom” is an interesting term. It’s not often very wise. When you see the term, push on it like these scientists did and see if it falls over.(Visited 107 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more


December 19, 2019 0

Counseling Spouses of Military Members with Avoidant Attachment Styles

first_imgBy Jay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PhDCreative Commons Licensing [Flickr, Double Dedication, April 30, 2010] retrieved on September 8, 2015Following up on our blogs examining relationships and communication during deployment and communication prior to and during deployment, today’s blog focuses on attachment styles and the influence of avoidant attachment styles on challenges to the relationship during deployment.  Further, research conducted by Borelli and colleagues [1] offers a word of caution when counseling spouses of military members who are experiencing stress in the relationship during deployment.Using attachment theory, the researchers studied non-deployed spouses (NDS) responses to challenges in their marital relationship during deployment.  Attachment theory, as developed by Bowlby, posits that infants who received a consistent emotional response from their caregiver when the infant expressed an emotional need would develop a secure attachment — a belief that others would be available to respond to attachment related needs such as comfort, protection, or acceptance.  Infants who were rejected or ignored by their caregiver would learn to avoid thoughts and feelings related to emotional needs of comforting or protection.Borelli and colleagues queried 45 female spouses of military members prior to and during deployment [1].  Service members were primarily active duty military (91%), had completed at least one previous deployment (67%), and served in a variety of capacities such as on-base support (31%), infantry (21%), special operations (11%), and other support occupations.  Participant assessments occurred 2 weeks prior to the military members deployment, 2 weeks after their departure, and 2 weeks following their spouse’s return.  Attachment style was assessed using the Experience of Close Relationships Revised (ECR-R) scale measuring avoidance and anxiety in romantic relationships.  Thoughts and feelings related to the relationship and deployment were examined by recording expressions of anxiety.  “Savoring” exercises were conducted by the researchers to measure emotions associated with a personal experience (a positive memory not shared), and a relational experience (a memory when they felt especially cared for, accepted or protected).  Subjective emotions (affective valence, arousal, control and dominance) were measured immediately following savoring exercises designed for this study.Results of the study indicated that relationship satisfaction decreased following deployment.  Attachment avoidance was positively correlated with self-reported anxiety following the reunion savoring exercise. The savoring exercises post-deployment were more difficult than prior to deployment, and participants reported a negative mood following post-deployment savoring tasks.As a mental health clinician, considering attachment style may be helpful when working with non-deployed spouses of military members who are facing a deployment or have recently been deployed.  Clients with an avoidant attachment style may benefit from exercises that encourage self-reflection focusing on attachment related feelings.  However, clinicians should engage in such work prior to deployment, rather than during or after deployment, when facing feelings could cause even more distress.References[1] Borelli, J. L., Sbarra, D. A., Snavely, J. E., McMakin, D. L., Coffey, J. K., Ruiz, S. K., . . . Chung, S. Y. (2014). With or without you: Preliminary evidence that attachment avoidance predicts nondeployed spouses’ reactions to relationship challenges during deployment. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 45(6), 478-487. doi:10.1037/a0037780This post was written by Jay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PhD, members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn.last_img read more


December 12, 2019 0

Do More of What Is Working

first_imgMost of the time when we focus on improving ourselves and improving our results, it’s about figuring out what’s not working and making changes. A lot of the time, this is exactly what needs to happen. You stop doing something that isn’t working for you and start doing something new. But like anything else, this isn’t true 100% of the time.Sometimes you need to do more of what’s working. You need to double down on the bet you have already made.What are you doing right? What’s working for you now?What Works OnceMaybe you’ve pursued one of your dream clients for years, nurturing the relationships you needed, until they reached the point where they were ready to change. Now, they’re engaged, they know you, and they believe you can help them now.What you are doing is working. But are you doing enough of this work? Are there other dream clients that aren’t as receptive that you aren’t pursuing with this same plan? What works once will work twice. Or dozens and dozens of times.Practice Brings MasteryMaybe you finally started picking up the phone and dialing numbers. You’ve booked a few appointments, appointments you desperately need. You discovered that the telephone still works, but 10 calls a day isn’t going to bring you the results you need.You get better when you take some action over and over. If you practice deliberately, you make distinctions, you notice things, you make changes. You don’t really improve and gain mastery of something that you only do once in a while. Doing something more often gives you the practice you need to reach mastery.Consistent Action Breeds Consistent ResultsMaybe you feel better when you wake up early, eat right, exercise, and hydrate (all of which are massively underestimated when it comes to producing results in every area of your life, especially areas where you interact with other people). You aren’t doing anything wrong by sticking to a regimen like this three days a week.Sporadic actions produce equally sporadic results. Consistent actions produce the consistent results that only high performers produce.You Aren’t BrokenWe spend a lot of time focused on what’s broken, what needs to be fixed, and what we need to change. You will never run out of work to do here (I am not sure I have even made a dent in my list). But what’s wrong isn’t the only place to focus.Focus on what’s right. Do more of what is working. Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Now Where are you performing well?What’s working for you?What bet should you double down on right now?On what bet should you go all in?last_img read more


December 9, 2019 0